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Critical Metals Lists

A critical metal is one which is essential to an industrial process and for which there is no actual or commercially viable substitute. There are many critical metals in various areas of industry and interest in this sector is set to grow significantly as their scarcity increases. Critical metals are a vital part of 21st century life and include metals referred to as strategic metals, technology metals and minor metals, as well as including certain precious metals. There are 69 different metals included in the six widely used critical metals lists that are compiled by the following organisation: The British Geological Survey, American Resources Policy, MMTA, EU & UK Science & Technology Committee, Kaiser and Criticalmetals.com. In recent years, there has been a rapid growth in demand for many metals with some demand compounded by the political risks associated with the geographical concentration of their supply. This has led to concern in regions such as the EU and the US where many hi-tech metals users rely almost 100% on imports. China currently dominates global production of critical metals and is the leading global producer of 28 of the 52 critical metals referred to on the British Geological Survey risk list. In addition China dominates Rare Earth production with over 95% of current global production (despite having less than 20% of global reserves).